Dogs – level 3
Search and rescue (SAR) dogs are very special dogs trained by people. After difficult training they are used to look for people in difficult situations. For example, the dogs can find people after catastrophes, such as earthquakes. There are two groups of SAR dogs. The first group can work with the scent (smell of people) in the air, while the second group tracks scent on things.
Where are these dogs used?
1. In nature. Somebody goes for a hike outside and later cannot find his way back. SAR dogs go and find him and people from the team help him if he is injured. Good SAR dogs can work outside for 4-8 hours without a break.
2. After catastrophes. People are in a big house when an earthquake comes. The building collapses and people are trapped under it. SAR dogs can find them, alive or dead.
3. After somebody’s death. The police need to find a human body after a murder. They use SAR dogs to find the body. The dogs can find even the bones.
4. In the mountains. There is a lot of snow in the mountains. Sometimes snow falls down in an avalanche and people are trapped under it. SAR dogs must find them very fast before they die under the snow.
5. In water. Somebody goes swimming but cannot swim very well or gets into problems and starts drowning. SAR dogs jump in the water and take the person to the coast.
The training of such dogs is very difficult and long. The puppy is about 8 weeks old when the training starts and it takes at least one year before the dog can start working. Special training can be even longer. There are a lot of organisations for training SAR dogs worldwide.
Written by Hana
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