End of the one-child policy – level 3
These children could be the first in generations to have a brother or sister. China has decided to end its decades-long one-child policy. All couples can now have two children as the country’s ruling Communist party announced an ease of family planning restrictions.
It’s estimated that the controversial policy prevented about 400 million births since it began in 1979. It was enforced to reduce the country’s birth rate, in turn slowing the rapid growth of population.
Back in the 1950s, China’s population was increasing by around 1.9% each year, after people were encouraged to have children to increase the workforce. But the government decided that this was unsustainable, resulting in the one-child policy. Those who flouted the rules were either fined, lost their jobs, or in some cases, mums were forced to abort their babies or be sterilised.
Some desperate parents gave up their babies, leaving them is so-called baby hatches. It was for poor mums and dads who could not afford to keep their sick or disabled baby and saw parents simply place a child in the hatch, press an alarm button and then leave them behind to be taken care of by the state.
Chinese families traditionally favour boys and so, if they can have only one child, some parents abandon girls and try again for a boy.
Under the 2013 reform, couples in which one parent is an only child were allowed to have a second child.
China’s working age population continued to shrink in 2013, for the first time in decades, made worse by the one-child policy. The drop means that China could be the first country in the world to get old before it gets rich. Currently, there are no immediate details on the new policy or a time-frame for implementation.
Difficult words: policy (a rule), announce (to say something officially), controversial (a lot of people have a strong opinion about this), unsustainable (not able to exist for a long time), flout (to choose not to follow), fine (to tell somebody to pay some money for doing something illegal), sterilise (to block or remove somebody’s sex organs so he or she can’t have children), baby hatch (a place where you can leave a baby), shrink (to get smaller and smaller), implementation (implementing something – to put something into effect).
What do you think about the change in the one-child policy?
LEARN 3000 WORDS with NEWS IN LEVELS
If you read and listen to two articles every day, your reading and listening skills can improve fast. You can learn quickly and after some time you will not have to translate into your own language. You will simply understand. Why should you do this?
When you listen to people in your native language, you do not translate. You simply understand. The same has to be in English. When you learn English, you have to learn the whole sentences in context.
Students, who translate English texts, do exercises and do tests are very good at translating, doing exercises and doing tests, but they have problems with understanding English in real life. In real life, nobody waits for your translation. People usually use simple English when they speak but they use it fast. You have to understand with no translation to your native language. If you translate, you cannot be part of communication because you are thinking about the language too much. These words are maybe hard to read but they are true.
You also have to hear every new word 5 to 10 times if you want to remember it. That’s why we use the same words in one level. If you read and hear the same words again and again, you will understand them and remember them. If you know words from one level, you can go to a higher level and learn new words. It is important to go step by step, and read and listen to words which are used in English often. This is what we do with our news. In our short news, we use words which are used in English often. Level 1 has the 1000 most important words. Level 2 has the 2000 most important words, Level 3 has the 3000 most important words.
So, if you want to understand English fast and learn fast, read two articles or more a day. You can improve your reading and listening quickly when you read easy English news. We will help you learn English fast and understand it. When you use this website every day, you can learn 3000 words which you need for communication with anybody in English.
How to improve your English with News in Levels:
- Read all today’s articles and translate all words which you don’t understand.
- Read the articles from the day before and see if you remember all new words.
- Listen to all today’s news.
- Stop the video after every sentence and repeat the sentence.
- Repeat point 2 for the news which you listened to the day before.
- Answer the questions under today’s news and write them into the comments.
- Chat in our Facebook Group for at least 2 minutes. You can write about today’s news.