Al Niño changes – level 3

08-05-2023 07:00

Weather patterns are shifting, with big implications for the global economy.

The La Niña weather pattern, responsible for cooler-than-normal sea surface temperatures along the Pacific Ocean equator, vanished last fall after a multiyear run. An El Niño, characterized by warmer-than-normal water temperatures, is forming in its stead. What will be the impact on agricultural markets?

Just the disappearance of La Niña has brought more rain and snow to the very dry US West. The coming El Niño may bring a little more rain to the US corn belt, as well as more heat and drier conditions to parts of India and eastern Australia. El Niño may create conditions for possible cyclones in the Pacific Ocean while making for fewer hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean. However, the ones that form may be larger. Every El Niño is different, so experts need to monitor developments carefully, as big changes are in progress.

Difficult words: equator (the line that divides the earth into northern and southern hemispheres), multiyear (involving or taking place over more than one year).

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What impact will El Niño have on extreme weather events such as hurricanes and cyclones around the world?


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