Bulgaria’s rose industry – level 2

29-05-2024 07:00

Welcome to Rose Oil Country. Bulgaria is a top producer of rose oil, which people use in many products and cosmetics.

Last week, farmers were busy picking rose petals. The harvest happened about a month earlier than normal because of climate change, which made springs warmer and more humid. To make one gram of rose oil, farmers must pick more than 1,000 petals by hand. They start early, around 7:00 am because that is when the oil is best.

It usually takes about three tons of rose flowers to make one kilogram of rose oil. This year, the weather was better, so farmers got more oil. The right mix of heat and humidity is very important for good quality. Experts say that people grew roses since the 5th to 3rd Century BC, and the first oil factory opened in 1820.

Difficult words: petal (the colorful part of a flower), humid (having a high amount of water in the air), humidity (when there is a lot of water in the air).

You can watch the original video in the Level 3 section.

What factors contributed to the early harvest of rose petals in Bulgaria and how does this impact the production of rose oil?


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