China graphite exports – level 3

26-10-2023 07:00

China has announced that it will require export permits for certain graphite products to safeguard national security interests.

This surprising move is seen as another effort to maintain control over critical mineral supplies amid concerns about its global manufacturing dominance. China is the world’s leading producer and exporter of graphite, responsible for refining over 90% of the world’s graphite used in electric vehicle (EV) battery anodes, which are crucial components of battery systems. The timing of these export permits aligns with increased international pressure on Chinese companies due to concerns about their industrial practices. For instance, the European Union is considering tariffs on Chinese-made EVs, arguing they benefit unfairly from subsidies, and the US government has recently expanded restrictions on Chinese companies’ access to semiconductors, including advanced artificial intelligence chips from Nvidia.

This development coincides with US President Joe Biden’s discussions on critical minerals in Washington with EU officials.

Difficult words: safeguard (to protect), dominance (power and influence over others), anode (one of the two electrodes through which electricity moves).

You can watch the video news lower on this page.

How do other nations plan to counter China's move to increase control of its graphite exports?


News in Levels is designed to teach you 3000 words in English. Please follow the instructions

How to improve your English with News in Levels: 


  1. Do the test at Test Languages.
  2. Go to your level. Go to Level 1 if you know 1-1000 words. Go to Level 2 if you know 1000-2000 words. Go to Level 3 if you know 2000-3000 words.


  1. Read two news articles every day.
  2. Read the news articles from the day before and check if you remember all new words.


  1. Listen to the news from today and read the text at the same time.
  2. Listen to the news from today without reading the text.


  1. Answer the question under today’s news and write the answer in the comments.


  1. Choose one person from the Skype section.
  2. Talk with this person. You can answer questions from Speak in Levels.


Stock images by Depositphotos