Healthy HIV Patient – level 2
A patient in London had HIV. Scientists announced that they cured the patient, and that they used a special gene therapy. There is a gene called CCR5, and some people have a different form of this gene. It is special because HIV does not affect it.
The patient had HIV and blood cancer. Doctors found a donor who had the different form of the gene. They transplanted stem cells into the patient´s body, which helped cure both the cancer and the HIV. For the last 30 months, the patient did not show any signs of HIV.
The therapy is new, and it gives hope to other HIV patients. However, scientists said that the therapy is not suitable for all patients.
Difficult words: gene (a part of the cells in the body), donor (the person who gives a part of his body to somebody else) stem cell (a small part of human body that can change into many different body parts).
You can watch the original video in the Level 3 section.
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