How people built Egypt’s pyramids – level 3

21-05-2024 07:00

Scientists may have solved the mystery of how Egypt’s 31 pyramids, including the famous Giza complex, were built over 4,000 years ago.

Researchers from the University of North Carolina Wilmington discovered that the pyramids were likely constructed along an ancient, now-hidden part of the River Nile. Previously, archaeologists thought that Egyptians used a nearby river to transport materials like stone blocks to build the pyramids. However, the exact location and nature of this waterway were unknown until now. The dried-up branch of the Nile shows that materials could be moved year-round, not just during the flood season. This discovery helps us understand the logistics of pyramid building and suggests that ancient Egypt’s landscape was different from what we believed.

The area around the pyramids was likely more accessible due to river routes, which explains why pyramids were built in clusters. Future studies will look at how this changes our understanding of ancient Egypt’s topography.

Difficult words: logistics (the detailed organization of resources), cluster (a group of similar things that occur together), topography (the arrangement of physical features of an area).

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What discovery did the researchers from the University of North Carolina Wilmington make about the construction of Egypt's pyramids and how does this change our understanding of ancient Egypt's landscape?


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