It is too hot in India – level 3

25-05-2023 07:00

As temperatures rise during summer in India, the country is experiencing extreme heatwaves that pose a threat to human survival.

Recent weeks have seen a rise in heat-related deaths, hospitalizations for heatstroke, and the closure of hundreds of schools. To combat the heat, the demand for air conditioners (ACs) is surging in populous countries like India, China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. The affordability of ACs is driving their increased adoption, with the expectation that the world will add 1 billion AC units by the end of the decade.

However, this surge in AC usage has negative implications for the climate due to the refrigerants used, which contribute to global warming. While wealthier countries have tightened regulations on ACs, developing countries like India face a dilemma of providing access to ACs while also reducing their carbon footprint. The challenge lies in implementing cleaner technology before the widespread adoption of ACs with harmful refrigerants.

Difficult words: adoption (the process of starting using something), refrigerant (a toxic chemical that’s used to cool things down), dilemma (a difficult situation when it’s hard to make a decision).

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What strategies could India and other developing countries employ to mitigate the carbon footprint of their ACs?


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