Japan has a new island – level 3

14-11-2023 07:00

Japan has gained a new island, approximately 100 meters in diameter, due to an undersea volcanic eruption near Iwoto island in the Ogasawara island chain.

The eruption, marked by phreatomagmatic explosions resulting from magma-water interaction, began in October. Fukashi Maeno, an associate professor, confirmed the emergence of the tiny island, observing smoke plumes and ash rising during his overflight in October. The region, accustomed to volcanic activity, had seen a similar event in 2021. The new island’s fate remains uncertain; it may grow or vanish depending on ongoing eruptions.

This phenomenon echoes past instances where islands formed but eroded. Japan has a history of both gaining and losing islands, with recent geospatial mapping revealing more islands than previously known.

Difficult words: phreatomagnetic explosion (explosion caused by the interaction of magma with water), emergence (coming into existence), geospatial (relating to data that is associated with a particular location).

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What is the potential longevity of this new island created by the volcanic eruption near Iwoto island?


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