Marburg outbreak in Africa – level 3

22-02-2023 15:00

Equatorial Guinea has confirmed its first outbreak of the Marburg virus, a highly infectious and deadly disease that’s similar to Ebola.

Last week, the small Central African country quarantined more than 200 people and restricted movement in the Kie-Ntem province. In addition to nine deaths initially linked to a funeral ceremony in the province, the country has reported 16 suspected cases of Marburg virus with symptoms including fever, fatigue, blood-stained vomit, and diarrhea. Neighboring Cameroon also restricted movement along its border over concerns about contagion.

According to the WHO, the virus can have a fatality rate of up to 88%, and there are no vaccines or antiviral treatments approved to treat it.

Difficult words: contagion (the spreading of a disease by touching someone), fatality rate (the proportion of people who die from a disease among people diagnosed with it), antiviral (effective against viruses).

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What is the Marburg virus and where did it originate?


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