North and South Korea conflict – level 3
North and South Korea are technically still at war since the fighting in the 1950s ended. However, it could all change very soon, with South Korea’s outgoing president Moon Jae-in leading the call to officially end the conflict.
As the Korean war slowly stopped in 1953, South Korean leaders refused to sign the armistice with military commanders from the North, which left the peninsula divided. Moon wants a peace agreement on the Korean peninsula before his time as president ends in 2022. In a speech to the United Nations in September, he repeated the idea, and he called for a political declaration that the Korean war was over.
North Korean officials responded to Moon’s proposals with interest; however, they called them premature. International experts suggest that while a peace agreement is certainly possible, it can only be made after North Korea agrees to denuclearization.
Difficult words: armistice (a formal agreement between two countries or groups at war to stop fighting for a particular time), premature (too early), denuclearization (the removal of nuclear weapons from a place).
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