Scientists in Norway must work fast – level 3
Scientists studying the Arctic region from the research station in Ny-Aalesund, Norway, are facing difficulties accessing and collecting data as the area is changing faster than anywhere else in the world.
The Arctic is warming four times faster than the rest of the world, with the Svalbard archipelago experiencing temperatures that are climbing up to seven times the global average. The warmer temperatures and loss of sea ice have led to changes in the behavior of Arctic animals, such as polar bears, who have lost their hunting grounds due. Melting glaciers and permafrost have caused damage to buildings in the region, including the town store that’s being repaired this year, and research sites have become harder to reach.
Despite the challenges, scientists are rushing to understand the implications of the changes in the region for the planet’s future.
Difficult words: archipelago (an extensive group of islands), permafrost (soil that remains frozen throughout the year), implication (the impact or connection).
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What implications do the changes in the Arctic region have for the planet's future?
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