Turkey fault line – level 3
A drone footage was captured after several earthquakes shook Turkey and Syria last week.
According to Italian seismologists, a series of powerful earthquakes that struck Turkey have likely moved the entire country by up to six meters. Two major earthquakes of magnitudes 7.8 and 7.5 killed over 22,000 people, and rescuers have still been searching through the rubble for more bodies.
The footage was taken from the Kahramanmaras province, the epicenter of the earthquake. Satellite images showed how the ground had been deformed along and near the East Anatolian fault line. In lots of places, the lines of rupture went right through buildings. The rupture of the first earthquake was around 300 kilometers long, and the second big event ruptured another 140 kilometers. To put those distances in context, London to Paris is roughly 345 kilometers.
Difficult words: seismologist (an expert in the study of earthquakes), epicenter (the part of the earth’s surface directly above the origin of an earthquake), deform (to change the shape or structure).
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Italian seismologists think that the two earthquakes were triggered by an aftershock from the original event. What do you think caused the two earthquakes?
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