Underwater Scorpion – level 3

14-09-2017 15:00

Geologists at the Iowa Geological Survey discovered 150 pieces of fossils of a giant underwater scorpion about 18 metres under the upper Iowa River. The giant underwater creature reigned the ocean almost half a billion years ago, predating even the dinosaurs. It grew up to 170 centimetres in length, had 12 claw arms sprouting from their heads and had a spiked tail.

The animal is called Pentecopterus and is part of the Eurypterid family of sea scorpions. Unlike modern land scorpions, its tail did not sting and was used more for balance.

There are more than 250 individual species of Eurypterid, but the majority of the discovered specimens are of the Eurypterus species.

Difficult words: reign (be dominant), predate (live before), sprout (grow), spiked (with spikes – sharp parts), species (a type of animal), specimen (an individual used as an example of its species).

You can watch the video news lower on this page.

What do you think about this animal?


If you read and listen to two articles every day, your reading and listening skills can improve fast. You can learn quickly and after some time you will not have to translate into your own language. You will simply understand. Why should you do this?

When you listen to people in your native language, you do not translate. You simply understand. The same has to be in English. When you learn English, you have to learn the whole sentences in context.

Students, who translate English texts, do exercises and do tests are very good at translating, doing exercises and doing tests, but they have problems with understanding English in real life. In real life, nobody waits for your translation. People usually use simple English when they speak but they use it fast. You have to understand with no translation to your native language. If you translate, you cannot be part of communication because you are thinking about the language too much. These words are maybe hard to read but they are true.

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