Tobacco children in Indonesia – level 3

07-06-2016 07:00

Nausea, headaches and dizzy spells – just a few of the symptoms commonly experienced by children who work on Indonesia’s tobacco farms.

Thirteen-year-old Maryam is among thousands of children who work in hazardous conditions on farms in the world’s fifth biggest producer of tobacco. She works with her bare hands on a family-owned farm and suffers from “green tobacco sickness” – an acute nicotine poisoning.

She says she feels dizzy, gets aches and gets sick.

Children like Maryam across Indonesia are involved in planting, applying pesticides, harvesting, bundling and drying tobacco leaves. The tobacco is then sold to firms who never question the process behind the production.

Hiring children under 15 years of age in Indonesia is illegal, but children are often not directly hired by traders or companies. They skip school or drop out altogether in order to help their families make a living – many only making the equivalent of a dollar a day.

But human rights groups are trying to change things. Human Rights Watch has reached out to some of the biggest companies operating in Indonesia, asking them to educate the families about the dangers of this work.

But change requires the cooperation of many stakeholders, including the Indonesian government, which says it is working on the issue. The head of Indonesia’s Child Protection Agency says that any person, who employs a child, which is prohibited by law, including in the tobacco industry, which has a wide impact on public health, should be punished because it is a criminal offence.

It is estimated over 1.5 million children are working in Indonesia’s agricultural sector – mainly in tobacco, rubber and palm oil plantations. Indonesia is one of just a few countries that has not signed or ratified the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control – a global public health treaty aimed at protecting the population from the consequences of tobacco consumption and the exposure to tobacco smoke.

Difficult words: nausea (a feeling of sickness), dizzy (weak, not feeling well), spell (a short period of time), hazardous (dangerous), bundle (to tie or roll up together), stakeholder (a person or organisation who takes care of something), issue (a problem), sector (a part of an economy), ratify (to agree to formally), treaty (an agreement, a deal, a pact).

Source: www.ondemandnews.com

LEARN 3000 WORDS with NEWS IN LEVELS

If you read and listen to two articles every day, your reading and listening skills can improve fast. You can learn quickly and after some time you will not have to translate into your own language. You will simply understand. Why should you do this?

When you listen to people in your native language, you do not translate. You simply understand. The same has to be in English. When you learn English, you have to learn the whole sentences in context.

Students, who translate English texts, do exercises and do tests are very good at translating, doing exercises and doing tests, but they have problems with understanding English in real life. In real life, nobody waits for your translation. People usually use simple English when they speak but they use it fast. You have to understand with no translation to your native language. If you translate, you cannot be part of communication because you are thinking about the language too much. These words are maybe hard to read but they are true.

You also have to hear every new word 5 to 10 times if you want to remember it. That’s why we use the same words in one level. If you read and hear the same words again and again, you will understand them and remember them. If you know words from one level, you can go to a higher level and learn new words. It is important to go step by step, and read and listen to words which are used in English often. This is what we do with our news. In our short news, we use words which are used in English often. Level 1 has the 1000 most important words. Level 2 has the 2000 most important words, Level 3 has the 3000 most important words.

So, if you want to understand English fast and learn fast, read two articles or more a day. You can improve your reading and listening quickly when you read easy English news. We will help you learn English fast and understand it. When you use this website every day, you can learn 3000 words which you need for communication with anybody in English.

How to improve your English with News in Levels: 

Reading

  1. Read all today’s articles and translate all words which you don’t understand.
  2. Read the articles from the day before and see if you remember all new words.

Listening

  1. Listen to all today’s news.
  2. Stop the video after every sentence and repeat the sentence.
  3. Repeat point 2 for the news which you listened to the day before.

Writing

  1. Answer the questions under today’s news and write them into the comments.
  2. Chat in our Facebook Group for at least 2 minutes. You can write about today’s news.

Speaking

  1. Choose one person from the SKYPE section.
  2. You can talk about today’s news or you can answer questions from  http://www.newsinlevels.com/questions/

If you want to know how to learn English effectively, please visit www.englishrestart.com.