Mission to Jupiter – level 2

19-04-2023 07:00

The Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer spacecraft took off on a long journey from a spaceport in French Guiana.

The spacecraft is part of a mission by the European Space Agency to explore three of Jupiter’s moons that could support life in the past. The mission’s goal is to discover more about Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, the polar auroras, the magnetic field, and how it impacts its moons. These moons are called Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede. Although they are far from the sun and are covered in ice, they have large oceans of liquid water beneath the surface.

After scientists discovered the oceans, they wanted to explore these moons for signs of life. If there are hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor like on Earth, they could provide enough heat for life to exist.

Difficult words: explore (to search a place), polar aurora (a light display in the sky, usually green or pink), hydrothermal vent (an opening in the sea floor out of which hot water flows).

You can watch the original video in the Level 3 section.

What are the three moons that the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer spacecraft is set to explore and what is the mission's ultimate goal for exploring them?


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